Seated Figure belongs to one of the most characteristic periods in Lipchitz's career, the years 1915 to 1925, when he was totally committed to Cubism. This formally refined sculpture is one of his most mature and elegant works. Space, mass, volumes and planes give rise to vertical structures that recall architectural constructions; as the artist himself tells us: "It rises like a cluster of skyscrapers".
Jacques Lipchitz is one of the great masters of 20th-century sculpture. In 1912 his work was influenced in Paris by a series of artists who were exploring the possibilities of Cubism, among which Juan Gris, Pablo Picasso, and Henri Laurens. After the Cubist sculptures and bronzes made between 1915 and 1925, his style evolved towards more curvilinear shapes, essentially brought into play in the human body. From 1925 to 1930 Lipchitz made his "transparent" works, sculptures modelled using wax hardened with resin, and subsequently cast in bronze, which proved to be one of his most influential contributions to sculpture. In 1941 he moved to North America and produced small experimental bronzes he described as "semi-automatic". This period was also characterised by the important public commissions that led him to discover Baroque sculpture and the possibilities offered by Rodin's modelling practice. [M.G.M.]
Jacques Lipchitz : dibujos y esculturas. [Cat. exp.].Bilbao : Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao = Bilboko Arte Ederren Museoa, 2003, pp. 19-20, n.º 15.
Jacques Lipchitz : dohaintza = donación = donation. [Cat. exp.]. Bilbao : Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao = Bilboko Arte Ederren Museoa, 2005.
Adquisiciones 02/0. [Cat. exp.]. Bilbao : Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao = Bilboko Arte Ederren Museoa, 2007, pp. 52-53, n.º 17.
Marta García Maruri. Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao : guía. Bilbao : Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao = Bilboko Arte Ederren Museoa, 2011 (1ª ed. 2006; ed. inglés; ed. francés; ed. euskera), p. 171, n.º 122, ad vocem.