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Annotated works

LUCAS VELÁZQUEZ, Eugenio

(Madrid, 1817-1870)

The Communion

Oil on copper

26,5 x 39,7 cm

1855

Romanticism, Realism and Impressionism (19th Century - Mid-20th Century)

N.° inv. 69/151

Bequeathed by Laureano de Jado in 1927


LUCAS VELÁZQUEZ, Eugenio on Online collection

In the gloomy interior of a cave, a priest gives communion to a large number of faithful; in the foreground, two women saying the rosary, their heads covered, appear on the right of the composition, lit by a dramatic white light that silhouettes the figures and grants them a phantasmagorical appearance. Lucas executed this small copper plate swiftly, modelling featureless faces, using superimposed impastos and longer brushstrokes for the white shades in keeping with the formal characteristics of his work.

Although such small-format scenes are very frequent in the painter's repertoire, the model is taken from Francisco de Goya, to whom Lucas would be especially devoted throughout his career. Thus, seduced by the master's modelling and after a long process of formal assimilation, Lucas continued such representations in this kind of paintings, toning down the high critical content of the original works to recreate Goya's artistic style.  [C.G.N.]

Selected bibliography:

José Manuel Arnáiz. Eugenio Lucas. Su vida y su obra. Madrid : M. Montal, 1981, n.º 189.

María de los Santos García Felguera. Imagen romántica de España. Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Dirección General de Bellas Artes, Archivos y Bibliotecas, 1981, p. 19, n.º 54.

Ana Sánchez-Lassa de los Santos . "Conservación y restauración en el Museo"en Urtekaria 1983 : asterlanak, albistak = anuario 1983 : estudios, crónicas. Bilbao : Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao = Bilboko Arte Ederren Museoa, 1984, p. 26.

Spanish Paintings of 18th & 19th Century : Goya and his Time [Cat. exp.]. Tokyo : The Seibu Museum of Art, 1987, pp. 194 y 195, n. º 65.

Carlos G. Navarro. De Goya a Gauguin : el siglo XIX en el Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao. [Cat. exp.]. Bilbao : Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao = Bilboko Arte Ederren Museoa, 2008, pp. 170-172, n.º 21, ad vocem.

Carlos G. Navarro. Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao : guía. Bilbao : Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao = Bilboko Arte Ederren Museoa, 2011 (1ª ed. 2006; ed. inglés; ed. francés; ed. euskera), p. 98, n.º 67, ad vocem.

Annotated works